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research editing basic rules

Remember The Basic (Editing)

Manuscript editing is an integral part of the publishing process. An editor can improve any write-up by eliminating errors, fixing grammar issues, and ensuring consistency.

An editor needs to remember some basic steps when editing a manuscript to improve its chances for publication.

The Five Cs

  • Clarity
  • Correctness
  • Comprehensibility
  • Conciseness
  • Consistency

Basics of Editing

  • Correcting errors in grammar, spelling, punctuation, and usage
  • Making sentences clearer, more concise, and more graceful
  • Fixing language errors
  • Maintaining a logical flow of the content
  • Improving the flow of the manuscript
  • Checking the figures for clarity and their correlation with the text
  • Improving the tables to make them crisp and precise
  • Checking the references for accuracy
  • Ensuring that the specified style and format are followed
  • Providing instructions to typesetters or graphic designer
  • Asking the author about missing data or unclear text

 Author Queries

  • Missing information
  • Inconsistencies (e.g., between tables and text)
  • Ambiguities
  • Possible inaccuracies
  • Revisions that may change the meaning


  • Dictionaries
  • Style sheets
  • Style manuals
  • Journal guidelines

Skills Required

  • An eye for detail
  • Promptness in researching an unknown topic
  • Abundant patience
  • Passion and dedication toward your work


  • The joy of helping someone publish his or her hard work
  • The feeling of pride when you see the article edited by you being published
  • Enjoy editing—it can be immensely satisfying!!

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